Khalid, S., and Sekiguchi, T. 2019. The Mediating Effect of Glass Ceiling Beliefs in the Relationship between Women's Personality Traits and Their Subjective Career Success. NTU Management Review, 29 (3): 193-220. doi:10.6226/NTUMR.201912_29(3).0006
Saddam Khalid, School of Economics and Management, University of Hyogo
Tomoki Sekiguchi, Graduate School of Management, Kyoto University
Nowadays, the number of women working in organizations is growing, and they play a vital role in organizational productivity. However, male dominance in the workplace is still strong, and the glass ceiling effect, or the artificial barriers that prevent female employees from reaching top-level management positions, exists in both developed and developing countries. In this article, we use the theory of optimism and pessimism and propose that women's personality traits are related to their glass ceiling beliefs and subjective career success. Specifically, we propose the model in which glass ceiling beliefs in the forms including denial, resilience, acceptance, and resignation mediate the relationship between women's Big Five personality traits and their subjective career success. Our model has both theoretical and practical implications regarding how women may achieve their career success in organizations by overcoming the possible glass ceiling effect.
Big Five personality traitsglass ceiling beliefssubjective career success